Of all the district capitals in Andalusia, the Spanish city of Jaén with a population of 116 thousand is the smallest. Although the city in the Middle Ages has been an important hub of the trade routes between Castile and Andalusia, Jaén has never managed to turn this key position into growth.
The city does have its name: Jaén is the corruption of the Moorish Chaendat ‘caravan route’. Now everything is about the processing of olives and the assembly of cars.
Jaén is built against the hills of the Sierra de Jabalcúz and lies in the fertile valley of the Río Guadalquivir. This forms a wedge between the Sierra Morena and mountains of the Sistemas Béticos.